Efficient Design of Antenna Radomes

Antenna feed networks
By Amine Boussada | 11/11/2022


Exposure to harsh environmental conditions such as heavy rain, extreme temperatures, and strong winds can have adverse effects on the way the antenna transmits or receives signals. To protect antennas from these conditions and other environmental factors, enclosures known as radomes can be placed around them. An efficient radome shall be transparent to electromagnetic signals while meeting the physical and aerodynamic requirements. It is crucial that the radome be rigid and averts the accumulation of ice and water. The operating frequency, the material and the shape of the radome can influence the antenna radiation and lead to bigger losses. 

HFWorks Modeling of Antenna Radomes 

To contribute to this research effort, we used our virtual prototyping electromagnetic software, HFWorks, to design two different antenna radomes that have minimum effects on the antenna performance. 

Spherical Radome 

Spherical Radome 

Animation of Different Scanning Angles 

The above antenna radome is simulated, and the following results are obtained. 

Electric Field Animation (10.5 GHz) 

Return Loss 

2D Radiation Pattern (10.5 GHz) 

3D Radiation Pattern ( 10.5 GHz) 

Antenna Far-Field Parameters (10.5 GHz) 

2D Radiation Pattern (5o, 10.5 GHz) 

2D Radiation Pattern (10o, 10.5 GHz)  

From the above figures, we can observe that the antenna boresight remains intact. The radome introduces a slight increase in the sidelobe levels and a minimal decrease in the antenna gain for different scanning angles. 

Nose Cone Radome

The optimal distance between the antenna and the radome minimizes the reflection effects caused by the radome. The effects will become minimal when the reflected waves are in-phase with the transmitted waves.