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I am the R&D manager at Verdun Anodizing. Verdun has been in business of anodizing of aerospace and military components for over 70 years.
I used EMS to simulate primary and secondary current distributions in our electrochemical cells using the Electric Conduction module. Using this tool, we succeeded in optimizing the setup of the electrochemical cells by studying various material of the electrodes and the bath parameters such as the acid concentration and temperature. A trialanderror procedure would have taken us years to achieve the optimal design achieved using EMS. It was a well worth it investment.
— Hocine Djellab, Ph.D., Verdun Anodizing

2D FEM simulation of planar and axisymmetric DC actuators using EMWorks2D inside SOLIDWORKS

Electromagnetic actuators are electromechanical components used to convert electrical power to a mechanical motion. They cover translational and rotational motion. In this article, electromagnetic (EM) simulation through EMWorks2D is used to study and predict the magnetic fields and the force produced by the DC actuator at each plunger position and for different excitation current.
EMWorks 2D is a software for twodimensional electromagnetic simulation, which enables you to test and improve your designs in record time. Having an intuitive workflow, EMWorks2D integrates seamlessly into the SOLIDWORKS environment, for a truly effortless and engaging simulation experience.
Finite element method (FEM) has two variants: two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D). A significant advantage of the 3D FEM is the capability of modeling full geometry of the analyzed object, including endregion of the windings. The 2D FEM allows only to calculate field distribution and other parameters in a crosssection of the machine model. Moreover, 2D simulation helps to predict results faster and offers more design iterations. On the other hand, 3D FEM offers more accurate and realistic results. However, computation time of the 3D model is much longer than the 2D one.
Figure 1 shows a planar actuator. The ferromagnetic parts are made of nonlinear silicon steel RM50. The magnetic potential vector is plotted in Figure 2.
The force generated by the actuator is computed versus air gap (Distance between plunger and stator). For this purpose, a parametric analysis is performed with EMWorks2D. It allows to parameterize both geometrical and simulation variables. Figure 3 contains a comparison of the computed force given by EMWorks2D and ref [2].

Figure 1  Simulated model
Figure 2  Flux lines of the magnetic vector potential
Figure 3  Force versus air gap distance

It shows a good agreement between both results. The force is inversely proportional to the air gap distance. i.e.the smaller the air gap distance is, the higher the magnetic force gets. This phenomenon can be simply explained by the behavior of the magnetic reluctance (magnetic resistance) which is proportional to the air gap distance.

A linear DC actuator with rotational axisymmetry is presented in Ref[3]. Magnetic flux density, magnetic field intensity and magnetic potential results are generated by EMWorks2D. Figures 4a) and 4b) contain respectively fringe and lines plot of the magnetic flux produced in the actuator.
Figure 4  Magnetic flux density, a) Fringe plot, b) Lines plot

Figure 5 shows the magnetic force versus air gap distance. It has a maximum value of 10.5 N at 2.5 mm. A 3D graph of the computed force versus both air gap distance and applied current is plotted in Figure 6.

Figure 5  Force versus air gap distance

Figure 6  Force results versus air gap distance and applied current


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